McGoogan News

Search tips: Searching for closely associated words

By Cindy Schmidt

Perhaps you are interested in faculty surveys. Most relevant articles would contain the words

faculty, professor, professors, instructor, instructors, teacher, or teachers

— within one to four words of –

survey, surveys, surveying, surveyed, questionnaire, or questionnaires

Several of the literature databases licensed by the McGoogan Library allow the searcher to specify that two search terms (or groups of terms) be closely associated.

These include MEDLINE via OVID, MEDLINE via EBSCOhost, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and Scopus. To reach any of these databases, go to the library’s homepage, click on the “Literature Databases” button and then click the database link.

In OVID MEDLINE, a faculty survey search might be entered as:

(faculty OR professor* OR instructor* OR teacher) ADJ4 (survey* OR questionnaire*)

In EBSCOhost MEDLINE, CINAHL or PsycINFO, it would appear as:

(faculty OR professor* OR instructor* OR teacher) N4 (survey* OR questionnaire*)

In EMBASE, the search would appear as:

(faculty OR professor* OR instructor* OR teacher) NEAR/4 (survey* OR questionnaire*)

In Scopus, it would appear as:

(faculty OR professor* OR instructor* OR teacher) W/4 (survey* OR questionnaire*)

The proximity operators shown in the search strategies will retrieve records containing the search terms in either order as long as they are within 4 words of each other. Records containing either “surveyed faculty” or “faculty member surveys” would be retrieved.

Google Scholar Result Export to RefWorks, EndNote, Zotero, and others

If you use a citation manager like RefWorks, EndNote or Zotero; saving a Google Scholar search result in your citation manager’s database is as simple as clicking a link. Getting the needed links to appear in your search results takes a little bit of work, however.

To get an “import” link to appear in each Google Scholar search result:

Go to Google Scholar

Click on the “menu” icon (three, stacked, horizontal lines)






Find and click on the “Settings”/”Cogwheel” icon. The cogwheel may be at the bottom of the list of options or above the other options.











Use the “Bibliography manager” drop-down to make the appropriate selection.

If you are using Zotero or Mendeley, select the “RefMan” option which will produce a RIS-format file.  Zotero preferences can be set to automatically import any downloaded RIS files.







Click the “Save” button.

Conduct a Google Scholar search.

An “Import into Refworks,” “Import into RefMan,” or “Import into EndNote” link will be present under each Google Scholar search result.  You can either click this link, or, if you want a citation manager record that is unlikely to need editing, follow the instructions below to import a record from PubMed.






If you want to import a record from PubMed that is unlikely to require editing:

Click the “All ___ versions” link.

Google Scholar aggregates all sources for a search result in one “hit” or search result.   If you look at the screenshot above, you’ll see that 16 different websites provided   this search result (see dotted arrow.  A PubMed record for this article is probably one of the 16 sources.

When you reach the page showing the different versions of the search result, look for a “version” that was retrieved from “” (see red underline in screenshot below). This is the PubMed version.  Click on the “Import into ______” link under this version of the search result.

Search tips: Finding articles written by nurses

By Alissa Fial

There are times, for research purposes, you will need an article written by a nurse. For that, you can search CINAHL (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature).

Once you have established your search terms, review the Limit Your Results section. You may choose either the First Author is Nurse or Any Author is Nurse option.

Now, when you conduct a search, it will that ensure at least one of the authors is a nurse.

Harvest Google search results

By Cindy Schmidt

Standard admission orders, clinical care checklists,  residency manuals, and other useful materials are often located by a Google search.  Saving all of the useful results with their corresponding hyperlinks can be a time-consuming activity.

A simple add-on for the Chrome browser, linkKlipper can save you time!

Give it a try:

  • Use the Chrome browser to go to linkKlipper
  • Install the “linkKlipper” add-on. This doesn’t require administrative rights!
  • Go to
  • Perform your Google search. An example of a search that produces many useful results is asthma admission orders
  • Click the “linkKlipper” icon in Chrome’s header

  • To get the cleanest results, follow the instructions in the box that appears below the “linkKlipper” icon, i.e.
    • hold down the CTRL key (Windows) or the  command key (looped square, Mac)
    • left-click and drag your mouse to draw a box around the results you wish to harvest  (you may have to click and drag more than once to start the box-drawing process)
    • release the mouse button
  • A .csv file will appear in your “Downloads” folder.  Double clicking the downloaded file will open the file in Excel.  The first column will contain the links.  The titles will appear in a second column.  Titles that contain commas may be split into more than one column.

  • Want to harvest 100 links at a time?
    • Perform your Google search.
    • Use the “Settings” menu to select “Search settings”


  • On the “Search Settings” page:
    • Find the “Google Instant predictions” area, choose  the “Never show Instant results”  option.
    • Find the  “Results per page” area, drag the bar to 100.
    • You can now see 100 hits per page and use the linkKlipper to harvest 100 results at one time.


Interested in other Google and Google Scholar search tips?  A recording of the McGoogan Library’s recent session on “Getting the Most From Google-Advanced Tips & Tools” is now available.

Scan Webpages for Relevant Words with Ease Using the Firefox Multi-Highlighter

By Cindy Schmidt

Have you ever scanned a page of PubMed search results or RefWorks records looking for relevant items?  If so, you know how much time it can take to spot the words that indicate relevance or irrelevance.

The Firefox Multiple-Highlighter Add-on can save you time and prevent eye strain.  To use the Multi-Highlighter:

Simply, install the free, Multiple-Highlighter add-on.   This doesn’t require administrative rights so you can even install and use the highlighter on cluster computers.

The “Highlighter” icon will appear in the Firefox header.

Click the downward arrow next to the “Highlighter”  icon. A pop-up with term-entry boxes will appear.









Type in the words you want, highlighted with a specific color, separated by commas.   If you want the matches to be case-sensitive, click on the the “Aa” column box. Finally, click the “Highlighter” icon above the entry boxes or the “Highlighter” icon in the Firefox header. The highlighter will highlight the designated terms on most webpages.  The screenshot below show term highlighting in RefWorks.